Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2012, Volume: 5, Issue: 9, Pages: 1-7
Manmatha K. Roul1* and Sukanta K. Dash2
1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Bhadrak Institute of Engineering & Technology,
2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur- 721302, India *[email protected], [email protected]
*Author For Correspondence
Manmatha K. Roul
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Email: [email protected]
Pressure drop due to single phase flow of water and two phase flow of air-water mixture through thin orifices in horizontal pipes have been numerically investigated. Two-phase computational fluid dynamics (CFD) calculations, using Eulerian–Eulerian model have been employed to calculate the pressure drop through orifices. The operating condition covers the gas and liquid superficial velocity ranges Vsg=0.3–4 m/s and Vsl=0.6–2 m/s, respectively. The local pressure drops have been obtained by means of extrapolation from the computed upstream and downstream linearized pressure profiles to the orifice section. Simulations for the single-phase flow of water have been carried out for local liquid Reynolds number (Re based on orifice diameter) ranging from 3×104 to 2×105 to obtain the discharge coefficient and the two-phase local multiplier, which when multiplied with the pressure drop of water (for same mass flow of water and two phase mixture) will reproduce the pressure drop for two phase flow through the orifice. The effect of orifice geometry on two-phase pressure losses has been considered by selecting eight different orifice plates with two area ratios (σ=0.73 and σ=0.54) and four different thicknesses (s/d = 0.025-0.59). The results obtained from numerical simulations are validated against experimental data from the literature and are found to be in good agreement.
Keywords: Orifice, Pressure drop, Two phase flow, Computational fluid dynamics, Area ratio, Discharge coefficient
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