Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2018, Volume: 11, Issue: 26, Pages: 1-5
Mohammed H.M. Al-Osami1* , Najah K. Mohammad2 , Faiq I. Gorial3 and Enas Adnan Majeed4
1 Rheumatology Unit, Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq; [email protected]
2 Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq; [email protected]
3 Rheumatology Unit, Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq; [email protected] 4 Rheumatology Units, Baghdad Teaching Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq; [email protected]
Objectives: To evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of ocular findings in a sample of Iraqi patients with (BJHS). Patients and Methods: This cross-sectional study included 100 patients diagnosed with BJHS according to Brieton criteria and another 200 healthy controls matched in age and sex. Demographics were collected, and full ophthalmological examination was done on both groups. Results: Prevalence of refractive errors was 78% of them: myopia was 49%, followed by astigmatism 20%) and hypermetropia 9%. The other identified ocular manifestation was dry eye (15%), while anterior & posterior blepharitis 5% and 4% respectively. Pigment dispersion syndrome was diagnosed in 3% of patients and the cataract was 2% of BJHS patients. All previous findings were statistically significant except cataract not reach to statistically significant level. Conclusions: Ocular findings in BJHS were relatively common. The most common BJHS-related ocular findings were myopia followed by astigmatism and hypermetropia. Dry eye symptoms, anterior and posterior blepharitis, pigment dispersion syndrome and cataract are rare in patients with BJHS.
Key words: Benign Joint Hypermobility Syndrome, Joint Hypermobility, Ocular Manifestations
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