• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2024, Volume: 17, Issue: 16, Pages: 1643-1646

Original Article

On Goethals and Seidel Array

Received Date:20 November 2023, Accepted Date:20 March 2024, Published Date:15 April 2024


Objectives: In this article, we aim to find a series of Hadamard matrices by suitable selection of the special class of matrices given in the Goethals and Seidel array and study the pattern obtained. Methods: In the presented work, the search technique of Hadamard matrices has been done by selecting special class of (0,1) negacyclic matrices instead of the back diagonal identity matrix given in Geothals and Seidel arrays and the possible existence of negacyclic matrices for the corresponding four matrices have been explored in each case. Findings: Corresponding to the special class of (0,1) negacyclic matrices, no sets of four negacyclic matrices have been obtained in the Goethal Seidel array, for even orders. For odd orders, except in the case when all four matrices are equal and the case when there is a pair of equal matrices, many outputs have been obtained for the remaining cases, the search domain being upto 11,9 and 7 for the case of two different, three different and four different matrices respectively, in the Goethal Seidel array. Novelty: The selection of special class of negacyclic matrices instead of the back diagonal identity matrix and finding the corresponding four negacyclic matrices in Goethals and Seidel arrays for constructing Hadamard matrices provides a new approach to the construction of Hadamard matrices.

Keywords: Hadamard matrix, Circulant matrix, Williamson matrices, Orthogonal array, Goethals and Seidel array


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© 2024 Manjhi & Kujur. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Published By Indian Society for Education and Environment (iSee)


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