Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2016, Volume: 9, Issue: 16, Pages: 1-5
Viktor I. Pishchulin, Olesya M. Fadeeva*, Maksim A. Rogachev and Lyubov I. Rogacheva
*Author of Corresponding: Olesya M. Fadeeva Russian State Social University, Branch in Dedovsk Moscow Region, Dedovsk, Russian Federation; [email protected]
Background/Objectives: It is necessary to focus maximum efforts on countermeasures against the proliferation of addictions destroying human personality. Methods/Statistical analysis: In world practice, there are several preventing models of destructive addictions and learning a healthy lifestyle, particularly health and education based models, as well as models that take into account social and personality factors. The article discusses the widespread model of positive prevention against destructive addictions. Findings: The conducted research in the area of addictions prevention allowed developing methodological bases of primary, secondary and tertiary prevention of drug addiction and alcoholism. The author identified the risk factors contributing to narcotization, as well as factors ensuring the stability of human tolerance, formulated the goals of preventive activities, outlined the main directions and organizational principles when developing preventive programs, as well as proposed system of prevention technologies. The medico-psychological (psychotherapeutic), social and pedagogical technologies are distinguished in the field of primary, secondary and tertiary prevention. Application/ Improvements: Interagency activity plan has been initiated in terms of participating in various research projects, practical implementation of scientific research, addressing issues of prevention system development in Russia.
Keywords: Destructive Addiction, Prevention, Higher Education Institutions
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