Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2015, Volume: 8, Issue: 35, Pages: 1-6
P. Lilly Grace Murali and R. Padmapriya
Background/Objectives: Fire accidents in buildings is a current thrusting problem in recent past years. Among different type of buildings the assembly buildings and commercial buildings are getting more important in this aspect. Different variables are responsible for fire in buildings but in this article the building construction materials involvement are viewed seriously and few recommendations are given to overcome this problem in buildings. Methods/Statistical Analysis: The statistical data of fire accidents in Tamil Nadu from the years 2000-2013 are analyzed. In this analyze we found that the number of fire accidents, property losses, lives losses are increasing year by year and the total average of values are giving high threatening figures. Two buildings which were subjected under heavy fire and lives losses are considered to case study to find out the fire responsible factors. In these two fired buildings case studies, it is found that, the using of combustible materials in temporary construction is the prime responsible variable for high intensified fire and major lives losses. Applications/Improvements: Application of non combustible materials in construction is recommended due to its high thermal resistance, fire spread resistance and offering of high safety time. These materials application will give solution for fire in buildings.
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