• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2008, Volume: 1, Issue: 6, Pages: 1-7

Original Article

Separation of chromium(III) and chromium(VI) from environmental water samples using eggshell sorbent


This paper presents the adsorption of Cr(III) and Cr(VI) ions from aqueous solutions and water samples in a laboratory batch scale mode by eggshells as a low-cost sorbent, which is available, cheap, and may represent an environmental problem. The adsorption process and extent of adsorption are dependent on the physical and chemical characteristics of the adsorbent, adsorbate and experimental conditions. The effect of process parameters (i.e., solution pH, initial concentration of Cr(III) ions, sorbent dose, shaking time, temperature, and various ions) on the adsorption of Cr(III) was studied. It was found that crushed eggshells possess relatively high sorption capacity, when comparing with other sorbents. Moreover, the sorption capacity increased with the increase of Cr(III) and sorbent concentrations and temperature. Thermodynamic parameters viz. the change in Gibbs free energy change (∆Gº ), enthalpy (∆Hº ) and entropy (∆Sº ) were also calculated. These parameters indicated that the adsorption process of chromium(III) on eggshell sorbent was spontaneous and endothermic in nature. Under the optimum experimental conditions employed, the removal of ca. ~100% of Cr(III) and Cr(VI) ions in a mixture (1:1), after reduction of Cr(VI) to Cr(III), was attained. The procedure was successfully applied to remove chromium ions from aqueous and different natural water samples.

Keywords: Chromium(III), chromium(VI), sorption, eggshells, low-cost sorbent, water samples.


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