• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2023, Volume: 16, Issue: Special Issue 3, Pages: 14-21

Original Article

Significance of an SEIHR Model with Preventive Class in Declining the Spread of COVID-19

Received Date:04 February 2023, Accepted Date:11 August 2023, Published Date:20 November 2023


Background/ Objectives: COVID-19 is being a global threat to humankind for past two years. Although the outbreak appears to be restrained at the moment, it is likely to become an epidemic again. Hence, there is an emergence of preventing such situation. This study reveals a model which helps to control this epidemic by sufficient control measures. Methods: The proposed model follows a vital dynamic. Two compartments namely hospitalised and preventive class were included along with the SEIR model. Further, the expression for the reproduction number has been derived using the Next-Generation matrix. Findings: The proposed model is well-defined. Also, the existence of the equilibrium points of the proposed model is justified. Further, the local stability of the equilibria is exhibited. Novelty: This study introduces the Preventive class, which plays a vital role in preventing the spread of outbreak and enhances the necessity of practicing preventive measures. The numerical simulations conclude that the constructed model is explicit and support to control the spread of COVID-19.

Keywords: COVID­19, Epidemic, SEIR, Next­Generation Matrix, Preventive Class


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© 2023 Yagan & Jasmine. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Published By Indian Society for Education and Environment (iSee)


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