• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2022, Volume: 15, Issue: 24, Pages: 1195-1212

Original Article

Smart Contract for Digital Garment Design using Blockchain and Digital Right Management

Received Date:12 January 2022, Accepted Date:06 May 2022, Published Date:01 July 2022


Background: In the current advancement of communication, anyone can create digital content. Emerging digital marketplaces provides an environment to share digital data with customers who are interested in content, from other digital sources. Digital marketplaces provide a location for both providers and consumers to connect to meet the increased demand. All of this leads to challenges in content protection, copyright protection, contract creation and work trading. Objectives: To address these issues, this scheme suggests a blockchain based approach for managing digital rights to garment design works. This system uses the blockchain, digital copyright management techniques and off-chain computation for garment design work. The visibility of design effects, the secrecy of design details and compliance with applicable regulations are all considered. The data delivery is also assured with the help of the proof-of-delivery concept. Methods: The proposed system has three steps. They are (i) Creating digital copyright documents using key generation and verification of digital signature (ii) Smart contract creation (iii) Certificate generation for confirmed smart contracts. A Smart contract is defined as computerized transaction protocols that execute the terms of a contract. Findings: Smart contracts are created between the designer and customer using Ethereum which is a blockchain based software platform. The interplanetary file system is used to store digital documents. Ethereum blockchain is used to create the smart contract digitally. Ethereum smart contract provides unchangeable, transparent, tamper-proof logs, traceability and responsibility. Finally, E-certificate is generated by the designer for the confirmed contracts and it is uploaded into the IPFS. Novelty and applications: The trusted, decentralized and proof of delivery frameworks are included for digital design work with the key features of IPFS, blockchain and Ethereum smart contract. The proposed work is also compared with the existing works based on several criteria such as blockchain, IPFS, PoD, etc.

Keywords: Blockchain; Design work; Copyright Protection; Digital Signature; Ethereum


  1. Ferrer-Gomila JL, Hinarejos MF. A Multi-Party Contract Signing Solution Based on Blockchain. Electronics. 2021;10(12):1457. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10121457
  2. Nizamuddina N, Salaha K, Azadb M, Arshadc J, Rehman MH. Decentralized document version control using ethereum blockchain and IPFS. Computers and Electrical Engineering. 2019;76:183–197. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compeleceng.2019.03.014 0045-7906/
  3. Nizamuddin N, Hasan H, Salah K, Iqbal R. Blockchain-Based Framework for Protecting Author Royalty of Digital Assets. Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering. 2019;44(4):3849–3866. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13369-018-03715-4
  4. Naz M, Fahad A, Al-Zahrani R, Khalid N, Javaid AM, Qamar MK, et al. A Secure Data Sharing Platform Using Blockchain and Interplanetary File System. Sustainability . 2019;11:7054. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3390/su11247054
  5. Lin KP, Chang YW, Wei ZH, Shen CY, Chang MY. A Smart Contract-Based Mobile Ticketing System with Multi-Signature and Blockchain. 2019 IEEE 8th Global Conference on Consumer Electronics (GCCE). 2019;p. 231–232.
  6. Lu Z, Shi Y, Tao R, Zhang Z. Blockchain for Digital Rights Management of Design Works. 2019 IEEE 10th International Conference on Software Engineering and Service Science (ICSESS). 2019.
  7. Pérez JJB, Queiruga-Dios A, Víctor G, Martínez ÁMD, Rey. Traceability of Ready-to-Wear Clothing through Blockchain Technology. Sustainability. 2020(18):7491. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187491
  8. Khan SN, Loukil F, Ghedira-Guegan C, Benkhelifa E, Bani-Hani A. Blockchain smart contracts: Applications, challenges, and future trends. Peer-to-Peer Networking and Applications. 2021;14(5):2901–2925. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12083-021-01127-0
  9. Fang W, Chen W, Zhang W, Pei J, Gao W, Wang G. Digital signature scheme for information non-repudiation in blockchain: a state of the art review. EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking. 2020;2020(1). Available from: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13638-020-01665-w
  10. Saleh OS, Ghazali O, Ehsan RM. Blockchain based Framework for Educational Certificates Verification. Journal of Critical Reviews. 2020;7.
  11. Qureshi A, Jiménez DM. Blockchain-Based Multimedia Content Protection: Review and Open Challenges. Applied Sciences. 11(1):1. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3390/app11010001
  12. Dobre RA, Preda RO, Badea RA, Stanciu M, Brumaru A. Blockchain-Based Image Copyright Protection System using JPEG Resistant Digital Signature. 2020 IEEE 26th International Symposium for Design and Technology in Electronic Packaging (SIITME). 2020;26:206–210. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1109/SIITME50350.2020.9292296
  13. Geethanjali D, Priya R, Bhavani R. Protected Copyright Information Sharing using Blockchain for Digital Garment Design Work. Journal of Education: Rabindrabharati University. XXIII, No.:2021.


© 2022 Geethanjali et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Published By Indian Society for Education and Environment (iSee)


Subscribe now for latest articles and news.