• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2016, Volume: 9, Issue: 42, Pages: 1-12

Original Article

A Novel Multiple Unsupervised Algorithm for Land Use/Land Cover Classification


Objectives: To classify the satellite images into different land use/land cover classes such as water, building, cropland, forest, etc, to monitor the environmental impacts. Method: In this paper, images are grouped into various clusters using a novel SVD trace function clustering algorithm. The clustered samples are used as a training set in a novel unsupervised Ensemble Minimization Learning algorithm (EML) for classification. The main aim of using EML is to classify the forest, vegetative land patterns, build up area in rural and urban areas with the use of best accuracy rate. Finding: Our proposed methods provides 90.56% classification rate with low error rate. This EML applies multinomial probit model and ensembles simulated data set and improves the learning of nonlinear relationships between the classified attributes. Multinomial probit model is used to bring all the related possible segmented values to fall into one single category, thus increasing the classification accuracy. Our proposed methods experimented with three different real data sets. The experimental results indicate that our proposed unsupervised model outperforms than the previous techniques. Application: It could be using for land use/land cover change detection, under water object identification, coastal area monitoring, etc. Improvement: In future it could be apply in video data and could be improve the classification accuracy also.

Keywords: Ensemble Minimization Learning algorithm, Land use/Land Cover Classification, Multinominal Probit Model, SVD Trace Function, Unsupervised Algorithm


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