Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2018, Volume: 11, Issue: 21, Pages: 1-9
Julián Díaz Correa1 , Carlos Albert Moncada1 , and Diego Alexander Escobar2
1 Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Sede Bogotá, Departamento de Ingeniería Civil y Agrícola, Colombia; [email protected], [email protected]
2 Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Sede Manizales, Departamento de Ingeniería Civil, Colombia; [email protected]
*Author for correspondence
Julián Díaz Correa,
Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Sede Bogotá, Departamento de Ingeniería Civil y Agrícola, Colombia; [email protected]
Objectives: This research analyzes daily social exclusion related to mobility from a gender perspective in Villavicencio City to find the inequalities between men and women and propose guidelines to diminish it. Methods/Analysis: This research uses quantitative and qualitative methods: quantitative by doing regressions with information from a mobility survey (2012) to find the broad situation of the objective and qualitative by doing gender separated focus groups to make an in-depth analysis based on findings of the quantitative methods and Church exclusion dimensions. Findings: Authors find that in Villavicencio men and women have different experiences of social exclusion related to mobility. Findings show that women are significantly more impacted by mobility: number of trips depending on strata, age and gender, as well as differences on the means and motives of transport depending on whether they are male or female. Finally, the role that society has established for women in relation to the care of others has created the concept “Mobility of care”, which is being ignored by decision makers and is aggravating the daily mobility-related social exclusion for women. The relation of mobility with the urban spaces and the occupation of it by the women and their people in care in Villavicencio is the reason it happens here. Application/Improvements: Latin-American cities must plan their mobility using mixed methods to understand the problems of all the population, seeking to include gender perspectives since women are more negatively affected by daily social exclusion related to mobility.
Keywords: Daily Mobility, Gender Perspective, Mobility of Care, Social Exclusion
Subscribe now for latest articles and news.