• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2019, Volume: 12, Issue: 19, Pages: 1-6

Original Article

Thermo Mechanical Analysis of Composite Cylinder Liners using Finite Element Analysis


Background/Objective: Cylinder liners are very important part of an automobile engine and working of the liner directly affects the engine performance. Conventional cylinder liners are being replaced with high temperature composite materials. The present work is to identify the performance of cylinder liners under combined mechanical and thermal load in terms of radial, longitudinal and hoop stresses by selecting different high temperature composite materials. Methods/ Findings: Different high temperature composite materials such as Carbon/Polyimide, Woven Carbon/Phenolic, Woven Graphite Phenolic, Carbon/Carbon composite, Boron/Aluminum, Silicon/Carbide composite cylinder liners are analyzed by applying pressure and thermal load. The variation in the radial stresses (σr ), longitudinal stresses (σl ) and hoop stresses (σθ ) are identified for selected materials. Thermo mechanical strains in radial, axial and circumferential directions are also identified. The analysis is performed by Finite element based software ANSYS. Solid 8node 183 elements are selected to perform the analysis. The Fe models are validated with the analytical equations. Application: Among all the materials considered in the analysis, Carbon/Carbon composite performance is good under considered loading and boundary conditions. Compared to all the stresses, the severity of axial stresses is more than radial and hoop stresses. The present work is used for the effective design of cylinder liners with high temperature composite materials. 
Keywords: Axial Stress, Cylinder Liner, Finite Element Method, High Temperature Composite Materials, Hoop Stresses, Radial Stresses 


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