Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2016, Volume: 9, Issue: 1, Pages: 1-12
A. Shenbagarajan1*, V. Ramalingam1, C. Balasubramanian2 and S. Palanivel1
1Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Annamalai University, Chidambaram - 608002, Tamil Nadu, India; [email protected], [email protected], [email protected] 2Department of Computer Science and Engineering, P. S. R. Rengasamy College of Engineering for Women, Sivakasi - 626140, Tamil Nadu, India; [email protected]
*Author For Correspondence
Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Annamalai University, Chidambaram - 608002, Tamil Nadu, India; [email protected]
Background: Magnetic Resonance Images (MRI) is an important medical diagnosis tool for the detection of tumours in brain as it provides the detailed information associated to the anatomical structures of the brain. MRI images help the radiologist to find the presence of abnormal cell growths or tumours. MRI image analysis plays a vital role in diagnosis of brain tumours in the earlier stages and treatment of diseases. Methods: Therefore, this paper introduces an efficient MRI brain image analysis method, where, the MRI brain images are classified into normal, non cancerous (benign) brain tumour and cancerous (malignant) brain tumour. This proposed method follows four steps, 1. Pre-processing, 2. Segmentation, 3. Textural and shape feature extraction and 4. Classification. In this proposed MRI image analysis using the region based Active Contour Method (ACM) used for segmentation and Artificial Neural Network (ANN) based Levenberg-Marquardt (LM) algorithm used for classification process, which used to efficiently classify the MRI image as normal and Tumourous. Findings: The results revealed that the proposed MRI brain image tumour diagnosis process is accurate, fast and robust. The classifier based MRI brain image processing approach produced the best MRI brain image classification with use of feature extraction and segmentation results, in terms of accuracy. Best overall classification accuracy results were obtained using the given DioCom Images; The performance results proven that there is not sufficient result given to the classification process when it perform separately. With the use of ACM segmentation and feature extraction approaches, the proposed LM classification approach provides better classification accuracy than the existing approach. Application: The proposed MRI image based brain tumour analysis would efficiently deal with segmentation and classification process for brain tumour analysis with use of feature extraction methods, so this method can yield the better result of brain tumour diagnosis in advance where this method using in medical fields.
Keywords: Active Contour Method (ACM), Artificial Neural Network (ANN) based Levenberg-Marquardt (LM) Algorithm, Magnetic Resonance Images (MRI)
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