• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2023, Volume: 16, Issue: 43, Pages: 3890-3904

Original Article

A Dynamic BPN-MLP Neural Network DDoS Detection Model Using Hybrid Swarm Intelligent Framework

Received Date:10 July 2023, Accepted Date:04 October 2023, Published Date:14 November 2023


Background/Objectives: The most untreated and severe cyber security issue in cloud computing is DDoS attack, this is being under research to find novel findings with less complexity and better efficiency to detect and mitigate this issue. In this research article, Artificial Neural Network (ANN) algorithms like Backpropogation neural network (BPN) and Multilayer perceptron (MLP) are implemented and their performance on intrusion detection by utilizing NSL-KDD dataset is demonstrated. Methods: Initially, NSL-KDD benchmark dataset construction is carried out in the range of (0-1) using min-max normalization technique. Following this, hybrid Harris Hawks optimization particle swarm optimization (HHO-PSO) is employed to reduce the dataset size by selecting significant features that represents anomaly in network traffic. This hybrid algorithm is also employed to tune the features selected which is assigned as initial weight vectors for both BPN and MLP intrusion detection system (IDS) models. These selected optimally tuned features are trained using 10-fold cross validation technique and the number of hidden neurons is fixed using thumb rule. After training, the hybrid BPN-MLP neural network IDS model is validated on test dataset and its performance is validated using performance metrics such as accuracy, precision, sensitivity, specificity and F1 score. Findings: The proposed hybrid HHO-PSO BPN and HHOPSO MLP IDS model has achieved detection accuracy of and with F1 score of 0.9743 and 0.9800 respectively. Novelty: In ANN based intrusion detection schemes, the stochastic nature of model parameters is an important problem of concern. To handle this issue, a hybrid swarm intelligent algorithm called Harris hawks optimization particle swarm optimization (HHOPSO) is proposed to tune the model parameters, so that the network performance is enhanced.

Keywords: Backpropogation Neural Network, Multilayer perceptron, Harris Hawks Optimization, Particle Swarm Optimization, Intrusion Detection System


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© 2023 Sumathi & Rajesh. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Published By Indian Society for Education and Environment (iSee)


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