• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2016, Volume: 9, Issue: 5, Pages: 1-7

Original Article

Contextual Comparison of Courtyard Houses in Tamil Nadu


Background/Objectives: Courtyard had been a prototype in residential architecture throughout the past. The objective of this study is to understand the adaptability of the courtyard form in the present day’s context. Methods/Statistical Analysis: A qualitative analysis is done through comparison of case studies. Two individual residences are considered for study, one located in Thirukazhukundram, a traditional settlement and other located in Medavakkam, a bustling suburb, both in Chennai. The aspects with which the entire study is carried out are physical aspects, environmental aspects and behavioural aspects. Findings: From analysis, it has been found that atrium is an adaptive strategy shaped by these factors. Also, atrium in the case of residential architecture is primarily the result of cultural production. It has become alternate in residential context at present. Courtyard form which accommodated change has evolved into atrium for want of increased privacy has adverse psychological effects on the residents. With the introvert forms gaining priority over extrovert forms, atrium has the possibility of becoming a prototype for years to come. Applications/Improvements: This research can be applied further to residences in any context with reference to its climate. 

Keywords: Atrium, Courtyard, Residences, Suburb, Traditional 


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