Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2016, Volume: 9, Issue: 6, Pages: 1-4
Mostafakamal Shams1*, Mahdi Ramezani2 , Sasan Zandi Esfahan3 , Ehsan Zandi Esfahan4 , Atilla Dursun5 and Ertan Yildirim5
1Department of Agriculture, Payame Noor University, P.O. Box 19395-3697, Tehran, Iran; [email protected] 2Department of Environmental Sciences, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran 3Student of General Pharmacology, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran; [email protected] 4Rangel and Research Division, Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran 5Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Ataturk University, Erzurum - 25240, Turkey; [email protected], [email protected]
*Author for Correspondence
Department of Agriculture, Payame Noor University, P.O. Box 19395-3697, Tehran, Iran; [email protected]
Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.), is an annual and Mediterranean region species whose oil is widely used in the food, health, cosmetics, soft drinks and chocolate industries in all around of the world. Considering the importance and use of coriander oil, this study was conducted in a completely randomized design to make quantitative comparisons of coriander essential oil and dry matter yield in different climates of Iran. The cultivation of coriander seeds was carried out in pots with four replications in the cities of Maku, Khoy and Urmia with an altitude of 1182 m, 1148 m and 1332 m, respectively. The extraction of volatile oil was performed by water distillation method using Clevenger apparatus. Results of statistical analysis indicated that environmental factors significantly affected the oil content and the dry matter yield of coriander. The maximum oil content was obtained from the fruits, collected from Maku and Khoy. The minimum oil content was obtained from Urmia. With decreasing altitude and precipitation in the cities of Maku and Khoy, the oil content and dry matter yield increased. Our results clearly showed that the essential oil content of coriander fruits, collected from Makou and Khoy, was identical because of the almost identical climate and environmental conditions of these two cities. It can be concluded that among the climate parameters, altitude and precipitation have the most impact on the essential oil content and dry matter yield of coriander. Low altitudes could increase the essential oil content of coriander.
Keywords: Altitude, Coriander, Dry Matter, Essential Oil, Precipitation
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