• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2022, Volume: 15, Issue: 32, Pages: 1587-1593

Original Article

Impacts of Conditional Cash Transfer on Kalinga Women and Children: Evidence of a Randomized Survey

Received Date:13 January 2022, Accepted Date:22 June 2022, Published Date:20 August 2022


Background/Objectives: In the Philippines, the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) is a Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT) that aims to help the poor by providing cash grants to beneficiaries. Methods/Statistical analysis: This study made use of mixed design, employing both quantitative approach for the use of a survey questionnaire and qualitative approach through a series of key-informant interviews held with beneficiaries’, community leaders and members, and persons directly involved in the program’s implementation. Focused group discussions were also conducted to assess the extent of community-driven development, women empowerment, and happiness wellbeing of the sample households. Findings: The study reveals that the respondents perceived that the CCT-4Ps program has a moderate impact on their lives and the identified weaknesses were perceived as moderately serious. For Kalinga’s low-income families, the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program has a lot of compelling objectives, goals, and rewards. The 4Ps are an excellent illustration of how the government may improve its ability to allocate the country’s resources to people who need them. It is evident that the mentioned program will benefit a large number of underprivileged families. The program meets fundamental requirements that would otherwise go unmet, and it mirrors the government’s efforts to promote social mobility and equality. The 4Ps theory, according to the academics, states that well-fed and educated persons are essential for a prosperous country and society. The CCT-4Ps, on the other hand, is undeniably not the ideal solution. There are a number of flaws in the program that could cause it to fail in the long run. In the Kalinga, the 4Ps will undoubtedly require more adjustments and research in the future. Novelty: The study is a significant information to improve the implementation, specifically the selection, monitoring and improvement, of the 4Ps program in Kalinga Province.

Keywords: Conditional Cash Transfer; Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program; Kalinga Women; Randomized Survey; Philippines


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© 2022 M. Sannadan et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Published By Indian Society for Education and Environment (iSee)


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