• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2022, Volume: 15, Issue: 47, Pages: 2639-2645

Original Article

Implementation of CNN and ANN for Fashion-MNIST-Dataset using Different Optimizers

Received Date:09 September 2022, Accepted Date:14 November 2022, Published Date:21 December 2022


Objectives: The paper presents application of convolution neural network and artificial neural network for image classification problem for clothing dataset along with their performance comparison against different optimizers. The major objective of this paper is to perform image classification on fashion-mnist clothing dataset images. Methods: The methods used here are, the traditional ANN and CNN. Here image classification is performed on Fashion-mnist, clothing dataset using CNN and ANN with different optimizers. The performance of the working of ANN and CNN in classifying images from fashion-mnist dataset is compared against different optimizers namely stochastic gradient Descent, Adagrad, RMS prop and Adam optimizer. Findings: The study found that CNN worked better than ANN yielding training accuracy of 95%, 93% and testing accuracy of 91%, 89% when used with Adam and RmsProp respectively. Novelty: The novelty of this work is to present a comparative study of image classification using CNN, ANN using different optimizers, since not many studies or research articles showed the performance comparison of traditional and convolution neural networks in image classification along with different optimizers. Since the real-world scenarios of today require enormous data to be processed, CNN can fit well to diversify applications since they highly reduce the number of parameters to be trained that speeds up the training process. Moreover, to be specific on image classification problems they require the best and most prominent features to be detected and uncovered; this can be achieved using CNN since it has the concept of convolution using filters at its Core. Hence, CNN is highly recommended for such image classification applications than the traditional artificial-neural-networks because of the aforementioned reasons.

Keywords: ANN (Artificial NeuralNetworks); CNN (ConvolutionNeural Networks); Optimization; SGD (Stochastic Gradient Descent); RmsProp (Root mean Square propagation); Adam (Adaptive moment estimation); AdaGrad (Adaptive Gradient)


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© 2022 Sumera et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Published By Indian Society for Education and Environment (iSee)


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