Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2011, Volume: 4, Issue: 7, Pages: 763-769
Soheil Kobraee*, Ghorban NoorMohamadi, Hosein HeidariSharifabad, Farokh DarvishKajori and Babak Delkhosh
and field) were done at the Islamic Azad University of Kermanshah province, Iran in 2010. The experimental design was a 3×3×3 factorial experiment based on Randomized Complete Block with three replicates. In the pot experiment, treatments included Zinc (0, 4, and 8 mg Zn kg-1 as ZnSo4.7H2o), iron (0, 4, and 8 mg Fe kg-1 as FeSo4), and manganese (0, 15, and 30 mg Mn kg-1 as MnSo4.4H2o). Treatments in field experiment consisted Zn (0, 20 and 40 kg Zn ha-1 ), Fe (0, 25 and 50 kg Fe ha-1 ) and Mn (0, 20 and 40 kg Zn ha-1 ) from source of ZnSo4, FeSo4 and MnSo4 , respectively. The results were shown that Zinc application had significant effects on Zn, Fe concentration in roots (P<0.01), and Zn, Fe and Mn concentration in shoots (P<0.01). Manganese in roots was not affected by zinc application. Except of shoots [Zn], iron fertilizer had significant effects on the other elements concentration in grain and root. The fertilizer treatment increased the micronutrients concentrated higher in roots compared to shoots. Zn concentrated more in roots and shoots when applied at 0 to 8 mgkg-1 . A similar trend was observed with manganese application (30 mgkg-1 soil treatments). In the field experiment, Zinc concentrated more in seed compared to other parts of plant. While, iron application resulted [Fe] more its concentration in leaf but its further increase (> 25kg.ha-1 Fe) resulted negative effects; however, the application of Mn brought down the negative effect. Mn up to 20 kg.ha-1 had little effect on iron absorption, but its further increase reduced concentration of iron in stem, pod and grain. This study also shows that high soil concentration of manganese and iron had negative effects on zinc absorption. There was a significant and negative correlation between manganese and iron concentration in seed (r=0.558**) and Mn and Fe concentration in leaf (r= 0.397* ).
Keyword: Fertilizer, iron, manganese, micronutrient, soybean, zinc
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