Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2011, Volume: 4, Issue: 12, Pages: 1786-1789
Temur Z. Kalanov
Critical analysis of the generally accepted (standard) foundations of differential and integral calculus is proposed. Methodological basis of the analysis is the unity of formal logic and of rational dialectics. It is shown that the generally accepted foundations are based on the logically erroneous concepts of “increment as variable quantity”, “infinitesimal quantity (uninterruptedly diminishing quantity)”, “derivative” and, consequently, represent incorrect basis of mathematics.
Keywords: Foundations of mathematics, Philosophy of science.
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