Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2015, Volume: 8, Issue: 20, Pages: 1-7
Jackie Teh and M. P. Paulraj *
School of Mechatronic Engineering, University Malaysia Perlis, Perlis, Malaysia; [email protected], [email protected]
A brain-actuated wheelchair can be used to aid the movement of differentially enabled communities who face much difficulties while commuting from one place to another. In this research work, the active brain signals emanated from subjectswhileperforming fourdifferent kinestheticmotor imagery tasks are recordedusingElectroencephalography (EEG). Three different feature sets, namely, Fractal Dimension (FD), Mel-Frequency Cepstral Coefficients (MFCCs) and combined features of FD with MFCCs are extracted from the recorded EEG signals. The extracted features are then associated to classify the type of motor imagery tasks and three feedforward multi-layer Perceptrons trained with Levenberg-Marquardt method are developed. The performance of the three features are evaluated in term of classification rate and compared. Simple Elman network and NARX network models are then developed using the extracted features and evaluated. From the results, it is observed that the Elman network model trained with combined features of FD with MFCCs has yielded a higher classification accuracy for all the 5 subjects in the range of 98.98-100percent. The obtained result clearly indicates that the Elman network and combined features of FD with MFCCs has potential to classify the four different motor imagery tasks.
Keywords: Brain Computer Interface, Elman Neural Network, Feedforward Multi-Layered Perceptron Neural Network, Fractal Dimension, Mel-Frequency Cepstral Coefficients, Nonlinear Autoregressive Exogenous Model, Recurrent Neural Network
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