Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2018, Volume: 11, Issue: 31, Pages: 1-8
Rafael Otero1 , Darwin Hernández1* and Luiz Sergio de A Camargo2
1 Universidad de Sucre - Campus Ciencias Agropecuarias, Sincelejo, Colombia; [email protected]
2 Embrapa Dairy Cattle Research Center, Juiz de Fora, MG, Brazil
*Author for correspondence
Universidad de Sucre - Campus Ciencias Agropecuarias, Sincelejo, Colombia; [email protected]
Objective: To produce bovine transgenic embryos by microinjection of a lentiviral vector with the eGFP gene as a marker. Methods: Four treatments were designed: T1=Control: fertilized in vitro (FIV) with cumulus-oocyte complexes (CCOs), cultivated in CR2 medium with 10% FBS and incubated at 38.5°C in an atmosphere of 95% humidity and 5% CO₂. T2=Control of culture medium: CCOs removed by vortex in the presence of hyaluronidase, FIV, grown in SOF medium in hermetic bag, with a gaseous mixture of 5% CO₂, 5% O₂ and 90% N₂ and humidity saturated at 38.5°C. T3=Microinjection control: CCOs removed microinjected with TALP medium, FIV and cultured under the same treatment conditions T2. T4=Microinjected with the lentivirus: CCOs removed microinjected with the lentiviral vector and FIV and cultured in the same conditions of the T2 and T3 treatments. The rate of development of blastocysts at day eight and the expression of the eGFP gene were evaluated. Findings: No significant statistical differences were found (p> 0.05) in the production of blastocysts at day eight, between treatments T1, T2, and T3. The percentage of blastocysts found in the T4 treatment was significantly lower (p <0.05) than in the other treatments. All embryos obtained in T4 expressed the transgene of interest. Application / Improvements: It is concluded that the culture conditions used were adequate for T1, T2 and T3, added that the microinjection with the lentiviral vector influences in some way the embryonic development, although, the technique was highly efficient for obtaining transgenic embryos.
Keywords: Genetic Modification, Green Fluorescent Protein (eGFP), Micromanipulation
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