Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2020, Volume: 13, Issue: 14, Pages: 1458-1469
Muhammad Aamir Javed1*, Muhammad Aslam Malik2
1Department of Mathematics, GC University, Katchery Road, 54000, Lahore, Pakistan
2Department of Mathematics, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, 54590, Lahore, Pakistan
Muhammad Aamir Javed
Department of Mathematics, GC University, Katchery Road, 54000, Lahore, Pakistan
Email: [email protected]
Received Date:26 March 2020, Accepted Date:24 April 2020, Published Date:28 May 2020
Background/Objectives: Graham Higman gave the idea of coset diagrams for the action of modular group PSL(2;Z) on real quadratic irrationals. These special types of graphical figures are composed of closed paths known as Circuits. These circuits can be classified into certain types of even length with respect to the number of inside\outside triangles. This study is to discuss different properties of reduced numbers in coset diagrams of the type (p;q). Methods: In this study, we have investigated different properties of type (p; q) using reduced quadratic irrationals and continued fractions. We have categorized reduced numbers in accordance with their position in the real line. Distance between two ambiguous numbers and reduced numbers is introduced in this article which will help the reader to understand the structural significance of reduced numbers in a circuit. We have explored different conditions under which certain reduced numbers have the same circuit. Moreover, continued fractions have been used to assist the foundation laid by modular group action and different general results have been derived in this context. Findings: It was possible to define new notions of equivalent, cyclically equivalent and similar circuits using partitions of n and discuss various properties of reduced numbers included in coset diagrams of circuits with length up to four.
© 2020 Javed, Malik. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Published By Indian Society for Education and Environment (iSee)
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