• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2010, Volume: 3, Issue: 12, Pages: 1229-1236

Original Article

Recent advances in plastid transformation


Plastid transformation offers a viable alternative to nuclear transformation because of its numerous advantages. It was against this backdrop that various groups of researchers have been exploiting this group of sub-cellular organelles, over the last two decades, for the genetic engineering of agronomic traits and metabolic pathways, as well as for molecular farming for the production of plant-derived high-valued biopharmaceuticals and industrial proteins. In this short review, we discuss the evolution and development of this technology with respect to the current state-of-the-art, which places it in high pedestal as a cost effective and safe production technology for high quality molecular farming products as well as a highly efficient method to create new metabolic pathways and improve the agronomic traits.
Keywords: Chloroplast transformation, molecular farming, metabolic engineering, agronomic trait engineering


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