• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2023, Volume: 16, Issue: 28, Pages: 2133-2143

Original Article

Setting up Waiting Time Targets for Out Patients using Fuzzy Linear Programming

Received Date:10 May 2023, Accepted Date:18 June 2023, Published Date:22 July 2023


Objective: To introduce fuzzy linear programming to find the patients’ waiting time by satisfying some defined satisfaction targets of patients at out-patient department (OPD) of a healthcare unit. Method: The concept of tolerance limit has been used for obtaining fuzzy linear programming formulation. Fuzzy linear programming is transformed into its equivalent crisp linear programming. The software TORA 3.0 is then used to solve the obtained crisp linear programming. Findings: Waiting times for patients at their different satisfaction targets have been obtained by solving equivalent crisp linear programming. The solution of the present model suggests that At least 95.30 % patients should be checked-up within half an hour of their appointment and all of them should be checked up within 45 minutes for punctual patients and at least 26.51 % of them should be checked up within half an hour of their arrival and all of them should be checked up within 45 minutes for late patients. Due to assumption of tolerance limit, patients’ satisfaction targets regarding waiting time are relaxed up to predefined limits. Consequently the efficiency of healthcare unit increases in the proportion of relaxed limits. Novelty: Patients’ waiting time with satisfying targets have already been obtained using statistical analyses and classical linear programming. In this article we introduce the fuzzy linear programming to get waiting time for patients by fuzzifying the patients’ satisfaction constraints which are indeed novel idea in setting patients’ waiting time. Furthermore, some crisp constraints are also included to make the waiting time standards consistent for patients.

Keywords: Fuzzy Linear Programming; Tolerance Limit; Fuzzy Constraints; Crisp Constraints; Out Patients


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© 2023 Kumar & Pandey. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Published By Indian Society for Education and Environment (iSee)


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