Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2008, Volume: 1, Issue: 4, Pages: 1-7
Satyanarayan Bramha1*, Unmesh Chandra Panda2 , Krupasindhu Bhatta2 and Bijay Kumar Sahu1
1Department of Marine Sciences, Berhampur University, Berhampur–760 007, Orissa, India
2Wetland Research Center, Chilika Development Authority, Bhubaneswar-751 014, Orissa, India
*Author for the correspondence:
Department of Marine Sciences,
Berhampur University, Berhampur–760 007, Orissa, India
E-mail: [email protected]
The distribution of hydrological characteristics like temperature, pH, salinity, conductivity, DO, BOD, alkalinity, nutrients (NO2-N, NO3-N, PO4-P, SiO4-Si) along with depth, transparency and turbidity were studied in Chilika, the largest brackish water lagoon in Asia. The results exhibited pronounced spatial variation and distribution pattern, indicating large variations, possibly due to seasonal changes. The photosynthesis of weeds caused the lake water slightly alkaline due to uptake of CO2 from water column and on the other hand, the formation of humic acid because of decaying of weeds in northern sector lowers the pH of the lake water. The low salinity in northern sector related to influx of more floodwater, which was not very much affected in southern sector. Addition and removal of fresh water, seawater intrusion and mixing bring out the change in salinity of the lagoon. The low DO and high BOD values were associated with the area near to large fishing jetties, where organic decomposition was more. Nitrite exhibited higher concentrations during May due to its release into the water column from the decomposed freshwater weeds. High nitrate during July and August were related to agricultural runoff through floodwater. Silicate concentration showed a well-defined pattern with higher during monsoon months, which was slightly removed at high salinities areas.
Key words: Water quality, pollution, monthly variation, Chilika lake, India
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