• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2023, Volume: 16, Issue: Special Issue 1, Pages: 62-69

Original Article

Studies on the Genus Garra (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from the Kaladan Drainage of Mizoram, India, and Synonymization of G. tyao with G. rakhinica

Received Date:23 January 2023, Accepted Date:09 June 2023, Published Date:30 July 2023


Objectives: An integrative taxonomical approach to study the genus Garra from the Kaladan drainage was undertaken to evaluate the morphological characteristics as well as the phylogenetic relationship of the species. Methods: Fish samples were collected using nets and employing local fishermen. Tissues were collected preferably from the right side of the body. Whole specimens were preserved in 10% formalin or 90-95% ethanol. Genomic DNA was extracted and selected genes markers were quantified. Partial mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) was used as the selected marker. Findings: A total of 152 specimens were collected which accounts for 8 species of the genus Garra. Based on the study, it was also concluded that Garra tyao is a junior synonym of Garra rakhinica. Novelty: This research is primarily to investigate the genus Garra from the Kaladan drainage and to provide a systematic account as well as to establish the phylogenetic lineage of the species from its congeners.

Keywords: Fishes of Mizoram; Integrative Taxonomy; Mitochondrial COI; Phylogeny; Garra


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© 2023 Zirkunga et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Published By Indian Society for Education and Environment (iSee)


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