Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2017, Volume: 10, Issue: 2, Pages: 1-5
Norliyana Erain1, Woon Phui Law1, NoramIrwan Ramli2, Siew Choo Chin1,2 and Jolius Gimbun1*
1Centre of Excellence for Advanced Research in Fluid Flow (CARIFF) [email protected], [email protected],[email protected] 2Faculty of Civil Engineering and Earth Resources, UniversitiMalaysia Pahang, 26300 Gambang, Pahang, Malaysia; [email protected] [email protected]
*Author for correspondence:
Centre of Excellence for Advanced Research in Fluid Flow (CARIFF) Email: [email protected]
Objectives:Air pollution dispersion is greatly affected by the wind speed and direction. Most often the pollution dispersion from industrial area is not fully understood. In the present work, the effect of surface topology on the wind speed and atmospheric turbulent around the Gebeng industrial area in Pahang was studied using a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) method. Methods/Statistical Analysis: The typical southeastern wind with a speed of about 1.3003 m/s corresponding to the actual speed of approximately 5 km/h was considered for validation. The turbulent flow was modelled using k-ε model. The model was compared with the Laser Doppler Velocimetry (LDV) measurement onthe scale-down rig. Findings:The CFD prediction showed good agreementwithin 10% deviation with the experimental measurement via LDV. It was found that the plume of noxious gas driven by the eastern wind can affect the nearby residential area R2, whereas the western wind is affecting the residential area R1. In the presence of hill obstacle, the gas plume moves southward into the flat terrain. Application/ Improvements: Results from this work may be useful to understand the risk of air pollutant dispersion around Gebeng industrial area.
Keywords: CFD, LDV, Atmospheric Pollution Dispersion, Turbulence, Wind Speed
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