Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2015, Volume: 8, Issue: 12, Pages:
Department of Architecture, Ardestan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Iran; [email protected]
Background/Objectives: Codification of development indicators is considered as one of the basic necessities for the evaluation of sustainability in various fields of sustainable development, including architecture, in today’s world. The need to access the relevant frameworks is entangled with the need to be close to sustainability in all scientific and artistic areas and numerous conferences with the subject of sustainability are indicative of its significance.
Methods/Statistical Analysis: In the present study, first, common frameworks of sustainable development are analyzed and selected in terms of the amount of closeness and alignment with agenda 21 as a guideline resulting from a universal and collective wisdom and, among these frameworks, the MMF multi-criteria framework is identified as the closest and most comprehensive. The said framework is assigned to the evaluation of sustainability through fifteen indicators. This framework was selected among other frameworks and due to both its proximity to the objectives of agenda 21 and also its alignment with Iranian philosophies including Mollasadra’s Transcendent Wisdom and Sohrevardi’s Philosophy of Illumination, ten indicators were added to it. Results: The philosophical model and framework of the research, in the next stage, is ascertained through a scientific verification as a scientific model. For this purpose, the architectural comparison of two cities with relatively similar climatic conditions and different social, historical and cultural conditions has been utilized, one Zavareh in Iran and the other Santa Fe in America. The relative similarity of climatic layers of architecture in the two cities is a vindicator of relative similarities between the sub-climatic layers in the two cities’ architectures and these similarities has the most effect in the physical layer of the building; however, the distribution and connection of internal spaces is more influenced by the social layer which contains considerable difference in the two cities thus it will be a vindicator of the discrepancy in functional distribution of internal spaces.
Conclusion/Application: Finally, it is concluded a local-Iranian evaluation framework and its more general notion, Zendevari (lifelikeness), the ultimate result of the research in philosophical and scientific features. And thus, an Iranian pattern is presented for development that can be localized and used in different parts of the world.
Keywords: Lifelike Architecture, Sustainable Development, Zendevari Architecture, Zendevari Development, Zendevari Framework
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