Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2018, Volume: 11, Issue: 22, Pages: 1-7
Julio R. Ribón*, R. Martín Monroy and M. Plinio Puello
Background/Objectives: When disasters caused by nature occur, for example, floods or earthquakes, it is common for communications infrastructure to collapse, leaving people isolated; which can increase the risk of vulnerability after the disaster, due to ignorance of vital information to receive help. The objective of this work is to provide a mechanism to enable people affected during a disaster to have a communication channel to inform aid entities about their personal condition. Methods: The present work is based on a descriptive methodology that allows representing an architecture that makes it possible to send messages through an ad hoc network generated with mobile devices, which is based on the guides of the 4 + 1 views model. Findings: The work provides a guide that enables connectivity for communication during disaster situations, being of great help, for disaster response agencies, to quickly assist potential victims of disasters, who are in a vulnerable situation. Application/Novelty: The work has allowed us to generate a test scenario where the functionality of the architecture is validated. There has also been a simulated scenario where the behavior of the Ad hoc network is studied, which allows sending help messages in the moments after the occurrence of a natural disaster.
Keywords: Adhoc Network, Disaster Relief, Mobile Networks, SOS Messages
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