Indian Journal of Science and Technology
Year: 2011, Volume: 4, Issue: 3, Pages: 185-191
K. Mohan and Mazher Sultana
PG & Research Department of Advanced Zoology & Biotechnology, Presidency College, Chennai-600 005, India
The aim of the study was to determine the association of lipid profile with high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), obese, hypertensive in type 2 diabetes in north Chennai area, Tamil Nadu, India. Nearly 300 blood sample were collected from patients in JPM diagnostic centre, north Chennai, Tamil Nadu and grouped them into diabetic (n=150) and non diabetic (n=150). Behavioral characters were calculated by using the data from the questionnaire like age, sex, height, weight, food habits, obesity, blood pressure (BP), family history, alcohol and smoking habits were correlated for interpretation. The systolic and diastolic blood pressure was measured by using standard mercury sphygmomanometer. Hypertension was diagnosed as per the criteria provided by the WHO (1959 & 1978). The body weight was calculated by taking weight in kg and height was measured in cms. The body mass index was calculated from the formula BMI = weight in kg/(height in meters)2 Patients were taken as obese if their body mass index was 29.9. All biochemical analyses were done on a semi autoanalyser (RA 50). hs-CRP levels were measured with Elisa reader (Star Fax 325). The lipid concentration level was significantly higher in diabetic patients compared with non diabetic patients, serum total cholesterol mean ± SD 209.57r26.56 (P<0.001), serum triglycerides mean ± SD 184.78r49.10 (P<0.001), serum LDL - cholesterol mean ± SD 165.27r29.43,(P<0.001) and decrease in serum HDL-cholesterol levels mean ± SD 42.30r7.12, (P<0.001), and total cholesterol/HDL ratio, mean ± SD 5.13r1.27 (P<.001), Regression analysis revealed obese to be strongly associated with diabetes observed. BMI mean±SD 26.93-3.10 (P<0.001). hs-CRP values increased with increase of obese mean ± SD 6.71r2.78 (ANOVA P<0.001) and HbA1c mean± SD 8.54r1.07 (ANOVA P<0.001). Lipid concentration is elevated in hypertensive with diabetes serum total cholesterol mean ± SD 211.61r26.21 (P<0.001) and compared with hypertensive with non diabetic subjects. Lipid concentration level increased (Total cholesterol, LDL, TGL & VLDL) and decreased (HDL) in diabetes subjects. Lipoprotein particles significantly higher in diabetic female, compared to diabetic male. hs-CRP, increased in obese diabetes when compared with non obese diabetics, and obese non diabetics. hs-CRP strongly associated in obese with diabetes. Lipid concentration elevated in hypertensive with diabetes. The risk factors such as obesity, smoking, alcohol consumption, hypertension, food habits and family history were found to promote the development of type 2 diabetes.
Keywords: Lipid profile, lipoprotein C-reactive protein, type 2 diabetes, obese, hypertension, hyperlipidaemia,
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