• P-ISSN 0974-6846 E-ISSN 0974-5645

Indian Journal of Science and Technology


Indian Journal of Science and Technology

Year: 2015, Volume: 8, Issue: 14, Pages: 1-6

Original Article

Performance Analysis of Different Edge Detection Techniques for Image Segmentation


Objectives: This paper provides the performance analysis of three edge detection operators on the basis of intensity value and high gradient. Methods: Edge detection is considered to be the building blocks of image processing for object detection and it is an important technique in image segmentation. Sobel, Prewitt and Roberts are some of the edge detection operators discussed in this paper. MATLAB R2013a is used to analyze the performances of these operators using an input image. Findings: In order to classify the operators, the limitations are identified and the performance analysis is done on the basis of obtained results. Based on the intensity value, Prewitt produces better result than Sobel and Roberts. At the same time, Sobel locates the edges with high gradient. Likewise, Roberts produces quick result due to small filter. Application/Improvement: The performance of these operators has been analyzed and realized that each operator is recognized as the best under various conditions.

Keywords: Edge Detection Operators, Image Segmentation, Prewitt, Roberts, Sobel


Subscribe now for latest articles and news.